42 U.S.C. 1983 is the United States Law which holds people, acting under the authority of the state, liable for damages caused when violating your constitutional rights. The Fourteenth Amendment states, “All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws."
Due process of law:
A fundamental principle of fairness in all legal matters, both civil and criminal, especially in the courts. All legal procedures set by statute and court practice, including notice of rights, must be followed for each individual so that no prejudicial or unequal treatment will result.
This website is dedicated to the wrongfully convicted.
Equal protection refers to the idea that a governmental body may not deny people equal protection of its governing laws. The governing body state must treat an individual in the same manner as others in similar conditions and circumstances. Equal protection clause requires states to practice equal protection.
Equal protection forces a state to govern impartially, not to draw distinctions between individuals solely on differences that are irrelevant to a legitimate governmental objective. The equal protection clause is crucial to the protection of civil rights.
When an individual believes that either the federal government or a state government has violated that individual's guaranteed equal rights, that individual is able to bring a lawsuit against the governmental body for relief.